List of References
Type "References" at the left margin, capitalizing only the R; do not underline the word. Begin each reference at the left margin, and indent subsequent lines. Type all references double-spaced. Each reference cited in the text must be included in the reference list and vice-versa.
Include personal communications, unpublished manuscripts, and unpublished data in the list of references, with the author's affiliation and location.
Arrange the references in alphabetical order. More than one paper by the same author (or authors) should be arranged in chronological order, except that papers by a single author should precede papers by two authors, which should in turn precede papers by three or more authors. Papers by three or more authors should be listed chronologically as though the authors were "Smith et al.," regardless of the first author's first initial.
Type each reference in the following order: author(s), year, title, and bibliographic citation. See examples at end of this style guide.
Title and Bibliographic Information - Titles of publications in languages other than English should be given in the original language, where possible, using the English alphabet; transliterations or translations are acceptable for references originally in other alphabets.
For article and chapter titles, capitalize only the first word and any proper nouns. For book titles, capitalize all nouns and put the title within quotation marks. Do not underline the title. Italicize only those words that were underlined or italicized in the original, such as names of microorganisms.
A book title should be followed by the names of the editors, if any, and the name and location of the publisher.
A chapter title should be followed by "Chpt. in" and the book title, names of editors, inclusive page numbers of the chapter, and the name and location of the publisher.
A journal article title should be followed by the name of the journal, volume number, issue number in parentheses, colon, space, and all page numbers of the referenced item, not just the first page (e.g., Food Technol. 45(10): 86-88, 90). If the pages in the journal are numbered consecutively throughout the volume, omit the issue number. The name of the journal should be abbreviated. Retain the original word order when abbreviating, but omit articles, conjunctions, and prepositions, unless they are necessary for clarity. Do not abbreviate journal names consisting of a single word, or personal names when they begin a journal name. Do not underline or italicize the name of the journal.
Papers accepted for publication but not yet published should show the journal name followed by "In press." Do not list articles as "Submitted for publication" to a particular journal, because they might not be accepted by that journal; instead, list them as "Unpublished manuscript" and give the affiliation and location of the author.
Papers presented at scientific meetings but not published should indicate the date and location of the meeting and name of the sponsoring organization or the organization from which a copy can be obtained.
Acknowledgments to others for assistance, etc., should be brief. Place acknowledgments after the list of references. Do not include a heading.
If the article was based on a paper presented during a meeting, cite the meeting name, location, date, and sponsoring organization.